AskDefine | Define decoder

Dictionary Definition

decoder

Noun

1 the kind of intellectual who converts messages from a code to plain text [syn: decipherer]
2 a machine that converts a coded text into ordinary language

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

-er decode

Noun

  1. A person who decodes secret messages
  2. A device that decodes a scrambled electronic signal e.g. of a satellite television signal

Translations

A person who decodes secret messages
A device that decodes a scrambled electronic signal e.g. of a satellite television signal

See also

Extensive Definition

For the drum and bass musician, see Decoder (artist)
A decoder is a device which does the reverse of an encoder, undoing the encoding so that the original information can be retrieved. The same method used to encode is usually just reversed in order to decode.
In digital electronics this would mean that a decoder is a multiple-input, multiple-output logic circuit that converts coded inputs into coded outputs, where the input and output codes are different. e.g. n-to-2n, BCD decoders.
Enable inputs must be on for the decoder to function, otherwise its outputs assume a single "disabled" output code word. Decoding is necessary in applications such as data multiplexing, 7 segment display and memory address decoding.
The simplest decoder circuit would be an AND gate because the output of an AND gate is "High" (1) only when all its inputs are "High". A slightly more complex decoder would be the n-to-2n type binary decoders. These type of decoders are combinational circuits that convert binary information from 'n' coded inputs to a maximum of 2n unique outputs. We say a maximum of 2n outputs because in case the 'n' bit coded information has unused bit combinations, the decoder may have less than 2n outputs. We can have 2-to-4 decoder, 3-to-8 decoder or 4-to-16 decoder. We can form a 3-to-8 decoder from two 2-to-4 decoders (with enable signals).
Similarly, we can also form a 4-to-16 decoder by combining two 3-to-8 decoders. In this type of circuit design, the enable inputs of both 3-to-8 decoders originate from a 4th input, which acts as a selector between the two 3-to-8 decoders. This allows the 4th input to enable either the top or bottom decoder, which produces outputs of D(0) through D(7) for the first decoder, and D(8) through D(15) for the second decoder.
It is important to note that a decoder that contains enable inputs is also known as a decoder-demultiplexer. Thus, we have a 4-to-16 decoder produced by adding a 4th input shared among both decoders, producing 16 outputs.
decoder in Arabic: فاكك شفرة
decoder in German: Dekodierer
decoder in Estonian: Dekooder
decoder in Spanish: Decodificador
decoder in Persian: رمزگشا
decoder in Indonesian: Dekoder
decoder in Italian: Decoder (elettronica)
decoder in Dutch: Decoder
decoder in Polish: Dekoder
decoder in Russian: Дешифратор
decoder in Serbian: Декодер
decoder in Finnish: Dekooderi
decoder in Ukrainian: Дешифратор
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